In 2016, 67,603 adult inmates were released from Texas prisons and state jails. Approximately 20% of released state prison inmates and 30% of jail inmates are re-incarcerated within three years, either for a new offense or for violating the rules of their parole supervision.

Many offenders—but not all—who are released are placed on parole. As of May 2018, 83,845 Texans were under active parole supervision. In recent years, the number of parolees convicted of new crimes has been declining. This success may be due to recent strengthening of parole supervision and treatment, as well as grad- uated sanctions for technical violations.